Utility Response to Climate Change
    Innovative solutions to integrate renewable energy
    5th Annual Conference
    29-30 September 2015
    San Francisco, CA, USA

CaFFEET'11: “How to Achieve a Low-CO2 Industrial Plant”

October 25-26, 2011, at PG&E Headquarters, 77 Beale St., San Francisco

The 2011 CaFFEET will bring together industrialists and experts in the seven levers which can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in industry. They will confront opinions, present case studies and try to provide answers to key questions regarding the relevance of these levers. In particular energy efficiency lever will be benchmarked against the other ones. The concept of low-CO2plants will be illustrated, but also questioned. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) will be invited to a Technology Showcase to present the innovative technologies they propose to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the industry. Industry is responsible for almost 30% of greenhouse gas emissions in developed countries, including direct emissions (e. g. from fossil-fuel burned on site) and indirect emissions (e. g. from electricity purchase). As the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas becomes more and more prominent, there is no doubt that the industry will be bound to decrease its emissions. Several mechanisms are already driving it in this direction, such as the Kyoto Protocol, the Climate and Energy Package in the European Union, the Executive Order 13514 for US federal agencies, the Assembly Bill 32 in California, etc.

However, it turns out that getting large decreases of greenhouse gas emissions in industry is hampered, for at least two reasons:

  • the approaches assessed to reach those decreases are mainly focused on energy efficiency, and thus often lead to unattractive business models for stakeholders (e.g. the industrialist, the utility),
  • plants don’t have enough adequate in-house competences to manage large projects in this field.

A strategy to overcome those barriers and lead industrial plants to decrease their emissions could be based on the following principles:

  • considering seven levers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions : 1) energy efficiency, 2) on-site renewable energy, 3) fuel switching, 4) energy storage, 5) demand response, 6) carbon offsets, and 7) green electricity purchase. Studying their individual and combined effects should enable to identify and assess several possible business models,
  • using a holistic analysis of the plant that would identify the combination of levers that maximizes the emission reduction per invested dollar, and thus leads to a profitable business models for the stakeholders. The analysis should take into account the entire set of factors at play, including the types of processes, the local weather conditions, the carbon content of the grid electricity, the likely evolutions of the plant and the various costs,
  • setting up a partnership with an organization having competences on the seven levers, so as to ensure that all of them will be objectively allowed for in the analysis.

Keynote Speakers

Romain Serman

Romain Serman

Consul General of France

J.-C. van Duysen

Jean Claude van Duysen

EDF R&D in US,


Carl Blumstein

Carl Blumstein

California Institute for Energy and the Environment, Chairman, ACEEE


Neal Elliott

Neal Elliott

Associate Director for Research,


Jigar V. Shah

Jigar V. Shah

Institute for Industrial Productivity,

Executive Director

Sheeraz Haji

Sheeraz Haji

Cleantech Group,



Session 1: Energy-Efficient Technologies - Which impact on CO2 emissions?

  • Ammi Amarnath, Electric Power Research Institute
  • Laurent Levacher, EDF R&D

Session 2: Waste Heat Recovery - Is it worthwhile in any plants

  • Rick Tidball, ICF
  • Laurent Levacher, EDF R&D

Session 3: Extension of the Smart Grid Inside the Industrial Plant - Is it the right time?

  • Francois-Xavier Rongère, Pacific Gas & Electric
  • Stéphanie Jumel, EDF R&D

Session 4: Industrial Symbiosis - What are the barriers?

  • Denis Clodic, Mines ParisTech
  • David Dornfeld, UC Berkeley, Laboratory For Manufacturing and Sustainability

Session 5: On-site Renewable Energy - The right thing to do?

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau, EDF Optimal Solutions
  • Stan Rosinski, Electric Power Research Institute

Session 6: Industrial Demand Response - Is it industry’s role?

  • Ingrid Bran, Electric Power Research Institute

Session 7: Industrial Energy Storage - Can it be cost-effective?

  • Dan Rastler, Electric Power Research Institute

Panel Speakers

  • Adam Hansel, DTL/Mori Seiki
  • Alfred Rosales, Rosamon Energia
  • Anneliese Schmidt, Antares Group
  • Bill Howe, EPRI
  • Colin Duncan, ORMAT
  • David Watson, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab – Demand Response Research Center
  • David Wooley, Energy Foundation
  • Elias Boulawz, Center for Energy and Processes
  • Eric Cutter, Energy and Environmental Economics
  • Geoffroy Ville, McPHy
  • Greg Wikler, EnerNOC
  • Jean-Paul Crouzoulon, Areva
  • Jesse Yu, Cogenra
  • Jim Davis, SAP
  • Jim McDowall, Saft
  • Pradeep Vitta, Southern Company
  • Philippe Machuel, SHELLY Software
  • Sam Chant, Southern California Edison
  • Tom Stepien, Primus Power
  • Sasank Goli, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab – Industrial Energy Analysis
  • Victor Valentin, E&J Gallo Winery